Research has identified a number of viral diseases that affect chickpeas and significantly reduce the yield level. Alfalfa and cucumber mosaic are common viral diseases which affect the level of yield in chickpeas. The two viruses have been identified in Canada, Australia and other parts of Asia. Viral mosaic has symptoms similar to nutritional deficiency symptoms, and this affects accurate disease identification and management. Chickpea viruses are small pathogenic organisms that need living hosts to survive. They are seed-borne and emerge at an early stage of plant germination and growth. Aphids act as a vector to the virus, spreading it from the plant to plant within the plantation field. Infection by viral mosaic leads to the loss of over 50% of the total yield.
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